We proposed a grid level prototype model to obtain the weights varying with location. Using 32 performance indicators across 11 issue categories, the EPI ranks 180 countries on environmental health and ecosystem vitality. This indicator is a composited indicator, which means trends of one or several indicators which are part of this composited indicator could be masked by trend of other indicators, the composited indicator consist of. The cluster principle was adopted to split the ecological vulnerability into five vulnerability levels, namely, potential, light, medium, heavy, and very heavy. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. A lower value of the Environmental Vulnerability Index is beneficial for the environment and for the Green Economy in general. Myanmar. In addition to this, Myanmar finds itself especially vulnerable to climate change and natural disasters such as cyclones, floods, wet periods, and droughts according to the latest Environmental Vulnerability Index (7). Cutter et al. Myanmar scored 3.32 points out of 100 on the 2018 Global Competitiveness Report published by the World Economic Forum. The most recent data available — for 2018 and from 1999 to 2018 — were taken into account. It has both a great need for investment and innovations to improve readiness and a great urgency for action. The ecological vulnerability was tightly correlated with vulnerability events and impacts. Environmental vulnerability has been characterised by three components or sub-indices. Carbon dioxide emissions, production emissions per capita (tonnes) Resources and Environmental Conservation, implemented by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UN-Environment) and funded by the European Union. Contribution of deprivation in standard of living to the Multidimensional Poverty Index. Launched in Nay Pyi Taw on June 27, 2019, the Poverty Report finds that there has been a notable decline in poverty between 2005 and 2017, but poverty and vulnerability to poverty still remain important issues in Myanmar. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. The survey is representative of the Union, its states, regions, and Union Territory, as well as urban and rural areas. Myanmar is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world. Given the spatial recognition of ecologically vulnerable areas along Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar economic corridor, several suggestions on ecological management were offered. The 2004 Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI) portion of the Compendium of Environmental Sustainability Indicator Collections contains 111 variables for 235 countries and territories. ... Environmental sustainability. This is a list of countries by natural disaster risk, as measured in the World Risk Index, calculated by the United Nations University Institute for Environment and Human Security (UNU-EHS) and featured in the 2016 World Risk Report (WRR 2016) published by the Alliance Development Works/Bündnis Entwicklung Hilft (BEH).. (5) Women participation should be upgraded in water sector. According to the Global Climate Risk Index 2020, Myanmar has had the highest weather-related losses in the past two decades, alongside Puerto Rico and Haiti. (2003) were perhaps the first to develop a social vulnerability index (SoVI); they used data from the 1990 U.S. Census to examine vulnerability to environmental hazards in 3,141 U.S. counties. The Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI) is a measurement devised by the South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC), the United Nations Environment Program and others to characterize the relative severity of various types of environmental issues suffered by 243 enumerated individual nations and other geographies (such as Antarctica). It is said that Myanmar is also one of the most vulnerable countries at risk of climate crisis. Moreover, the analysis said 74 percent of protected areas would suffer a negative environmental impact and key biodiversity areas would be … Environmental Vulnerability Index Last updated September 09, 2019. Abstract. We use cookies to help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads. n.a. In 2016 the Myanmar Climate Change Alliance (MCCA), implemented by UN-Habitat and UN-Environment, on behalf of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation, conducted a detailed climate change vulnerability assessment of Labutta Township, in collaboration with … Myanmar Climate Change Alliance, Impact of Climate Change and the Case of Myanmar, Myanmar is one of the most vulnerable countries in the world, Frequently Asked Questions on Climate Change in Myanmar, Policy Brief 6 – Building a Resilient Myanmar Society through Education, Science, and Technology (Myanmar Version), Policy Brief 5 – Managing Climate Risks for People’s Health and Well-Being (Myanmar Version), Policy Brief 4 – Building Resilient, Inclusive and Sustainable Towns and Cities in Myanmar (Myanmar Version), Policy Brief 3 – Resilient and Low-Carbon Energy, Transport and Industrial Systems for Sustainable Growth (Myanmar Version), Policy Brief 2 – Sustainable Management of Natural Resources for Healthy Ecosystems (Myanmar Version). The EVI or Economic and Environmental Vulnerability Index is a measure of structural vulnerability to economic and environmental shocks. From this, counties were scored and ranked on the index according to their standing relative to the national median resiliency and vulnerability in each category. The high vulnerability score and low readiness score of Myanmar places it in the upper-left quadrant of the ND-GAIN Matrix. This chart shows the Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI) by Country.. Many indicators used in determining this score were updated in April 2017 with the most recent data available from the 2011-2015 American Community Survey from the US Census Bureau. The Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI) is a measurement devised by the South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC), the United Nations Environment Program and others to characterize the relative severity of various types of environmental issues suffered by 243 enumerated individual nations and other … It aims at mainstreaming climate change into Myanmar… Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar economic corridor, a critical part of the Belt and Road Initiative program, is subject to the impact of various natural disasters and intense human activities, which have led to serious ecological vulnerability. Three criteria – GNI per capita, a human assets index (HAI) and an economic and environmental vulnerability index (EVI) – are applied to define which countries are … The results of the EVI are used to focus on planned solutions to negative pressures on the environment, whilst promoting sustainability. National Water Policy in Myanmar … Spatiotemporal analysis of ecological vulnerability along Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar economic corridor through a grid level prototype model January 2021 Ecological Indicators 120:106933 In 2016 the Myanmar Climate Change Alliance, comprised of UN-Habitat, UN Environment and the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation, in collaboration with WWF and Columbia University conducted a detailed climate change vulnerability assessment of Labutta Township. Myanmar is highly vulnerable to climate change: according to some studies, even to the point as 2nd most vulnerable country in the world, in terms of vulnerability from extreme weather events related to climate change, in the 1991-2013 period, as in the latest updates in the Global Risk Index confirm the country ranks in second place (Check the … The 2020 Environmental Performance Index (EPI) provides a data-driven summary of the state of sustainability around the world. An indicator system for 23 spatial variables was established based on Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response framework to calculate the ecological vulnerability index. Competitiveness Index in Myanmar averaged 3.26 Points from 2014 until 2016, reaching an all time high of 3.32 Points in 2016 and a record low of 3.22 Points in 2014. These sub-indices focus on ecosystem integrity and how it is threatened by anthropogenic and natural hazards. (4) Nowadays, Myanmar has reached a serious turning point in the use of water resources in an effective, efficient and equitable manner. Myanmar - Myanmar - Climate: Although Myanmar is located in the monsoon region of Asia, its climate is greatly modified by its geographic position and its relief. Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar economic corridor, a critical part of the Belt and Road Initiative program, is subject to the impact of various natural disasters and intense human activities, which have led to serious ecological vulnerability. They serve as a source of information in the event of an oil spill incident. It was a critical moment of reflection for the nation, to take stock of its vulnerability and preparedness against an enemy which had generated havoc and panic for all. was financed by the United Kingdom’s Department for International Development, the Government of Canada, and European Union humanitarian aid. According to the 2016 Climate Risk Index , Myanmar is the second most vulnerable country in … Multidimensional poverty index (MPI) ... employment and vulnerability. Myanmar – NEAT+ Environmental Scoping Report and Recommendations, October 2019. Vulnerability in Myanmar: A Secondary Data Review of Needs, Coverage and Gaps. Spatial management policies conforming to regional characteristics should be strictly enforced. Employment to population ratio (% ages 15 and older) n.a. High vulnerability indicates major structural impediments to sustainable development. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. Spatiotemporal analysis of ecological vulnerability along Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar economic corridor through a grid level prototype model, Geographically weighted principal component analysis, Agricultural Policy Reforms and Structural Adjustments, Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar economic corridor, Ecological vulnerability synthetical index, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, National Commission for Environmental Affairs, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2020.106933. The Environmental Vulnerability Index (EVI) is among the first of tools now being developed to focus environmental management at the same scales that environmentally significant decisions are made, and focus them on planned outcomes. As revealed from the results, the ecological vulnerability has been rising progressively, particularly in the mountainous areas, and most of the protected areas are at medial to very heavy vulnerability level. As suggested from the results, ecological restoration and protection measures should be strictly implemented to minimize the adverse impact on the protected areas under the construction of economic corridor. Thus, a higher EVI represents a higher economic vulnerability. The Global Climate Risk Index 2020 analyses to what extent countries and regions have been affected by impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.). Suggested citation: HARP-F and MIMU (2018). The 2016 Global Climate Risk report had previously found Myanmar was one of the countries most affected by extreme weather events between 1995 and 2014, while the 2016 Global Peace Index ranked Myanmar 115 out of the 163 countries analysed. To be able to capture the complexity of these aspects of environmental vulnerability requires the development of a variety of indicators that target different spatial and temporal scales and hierarchical levels of the ecosystem. Myanmar is the 37th most vulnerable country and the 21st least ready country. This study proposed a prototype model using geographically weighted principal component analysis to quantify ecological vulnerability at the grid level, and an analysis was conducted on the dynamic changes of ecological vulnerability along Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar economic corridor during 2005–2015. Vulnerability in Myanmar: A Secondary Data Review of Needs, Coverage and Gaps. Figure 1. These exigencies are both caused by and are the causal forces behind water insecurity. Gender Mainstreaming efforts are important role in Water Management. An economic and environmental vulnerability criterion, involving a composite index (the economic and environmental vulnerability index) consisting of two sub-indices: an economic vulnerability sub-index and an environmental vulnerability sub-index. This study proposed a prototype model using geographically weighted principal component analysis to quantify ecological vulnerability at the grid level, and an analysis was conducted on the dynamic changes of ecological vulnerability … The review on Vulnerability in Myanmar: A Secondary Data Review of Needs, Coverage and Gaps has been prepared by the Humanitarian Assistance and Resilience Programme Facility (HARP- F) and the Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU), both of which are actively involved in supporting humanitarian and development programmes around Myanmar. Environmental Sensitivity Index (ESI) maps are an integral component in oil-spill contingency planning and assessment. According to the WWF’s 2017 analysis mapping the environmental impacts of the BRI, Myanmar is in the “highly impacted” category in terms of the overall environmental impact and the “critically endangered” category for threatened species. This study aimed to evaluate ecological vulnerability and understand its dynamic changes. Our results indicated that the geographically weighted principal component analysis can effectively quantify environmental vulnerability, and these space management policies has implications for ecological protection, resource utilization, and sustainable development in other similar regions. Method used in deriving the climate change vulnerability index Note: The figures in parenthesis indicate the weights given to the respective factors. The results revealed that ecological vulnerability has been rising progressively, particularly in the mountainous areas. 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