More importantly, tropical trees are accustomed to receiving a lot of light and high humidity, climates that are challenging to replicate indoors. It grows up to 3 metres tall which makes it a brilliant ornamental plant for rooms with tall ceilings. Repotting with a light, fast-draining soil can be done every 2 to 3 years (3). (A study of interior landscape plants for indoor air pollution abatement: an interim report. These are easy to grow houseplants and offer a lot of variety, from low groundcover types to tall trees. It’s ideal for growing in a well-lit room or conservatory. Cattleya, Lycaste, Phalaenopsis and Paphiopedilum. It's not as sensitive as the fiddle leaf fig and can tolerate lower light conditions. Bright, direct light may result in scalding of the leaves and leaf loss. When placed outside during the cold season, they can withstand up to 15 degrees of frost but the leaves will drop beyond this. Ficus bonsai plant is a great air purifying plant. What comes to mind when one hears the word fig is the tender and sweet teardrop-shaped fruit that comes from a tree of the same name. They only need to be irrigated when the soil is almost dried out. Some train them as espaliers and topiaries as well as garden hedges and screens (3). It is great for growing in any home and doesn’t require any complicated follow-up. P. 111. The Ficus family includes a large number of species including the rubber plant (Ficus elastica), weeping fig (Ficus benjamina) and fiddle-leaf fig (Ficus lyrata). The growing parts of ficus plants are easy to manipulate, a requirement in creating a successful ficus bonsai (1). Nursery growers and bonsai dealers are the ones who usually grow special fig varieties by seeds. As long as the well-draining medium is slightly acidic and of medium fertility, they will survive. Read More Types with white and yellow variegations are also popular. Take a 3- to 5-inch cutting that contains at least two sets of leaves from the tip of a healthy branch. How to Care for a Ficus Tree. 2013. For best results grow Ficus benjamina in a loam-based compost in full light, but not direct sun. In it's natural habitat it grows over 30 metres tall, however, the varieties grown indoors are a much more manageable height. This genus includes many types of ornamental indoor and outdoor plants. Make sure you don't overwater this plant. Botanical Name: Ficus lyrata. What is the Ficus Bonsai? Many species of Ficus have aerial roots and are epiphytes (plants that grow on other plants) or hemiepiphytes (plants that begin as epiphytes, but send down roots that eventually reach the ground). It has slender branches that arch gracefully from a light gray trunk. Ficus also offer a variety of textures, so there's one for practically everyone's personal style. Add to Cart Compare. Weeping ficus is perhaps the most popular indoor tree. Many are grown as regular potted indoor plants like F. lyrata, F. elastic, and F. maclellandii but most ficus have the potential to be used in the traditional art of bonsai. Brooklyn Botanic Garden. It grows up to 3 metres tall which makes it a brilliant ornamental plant for rooms with tall ceilings. She is passionate about creating sustainable green spaces in the city and writing about interesting flowering plants of the world. A drought-tolerant fig, this is striking with its deep green glossy and leathery oblong leaves. You can find them in many different textures and heights, but weeping figs are among the most popular indoor trees. They belong to the Ficus genus, but the popular houseplant is just one member of said genus. A landscape horticulturist by profession, she has been designing, installing, and maintaining various landscapes and gardens for residential and commercial use. Size: 5-6 feet. Ficus trees are easy to grow indoor plants and offer a lot of variety, from the long-leaved ficus trees to the very large-leaved Fiddle Leaf Figs. If the infestation gets worse, systemic insecticides and miticide will serve as a permanent cure (1). Many are grown as regular potted indoor plants like F. lyrata, F. elastic, and F. maclellandii but most ficus have the potential to be used in the traditional art of bonsai. Note: Check information about a specific species for accuracy (care and problems). Commonly referred to as fig, it became a popular group of plants thanks to the edible Mediterranean species called F. carica (2). Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals. While no one can agree on the exact number of Ficus species, the estimated number is between 800 and 2000. A houseplant that’s reigned as one of the most popular for decades is the graceful ficus tree, with its glossy leaves and light gray trunk. Ficus benjamina is a weeping fig that is evergreen and fast-growing, with lush foliage and interesting roots. Weeping ficus or fig is one of the most popular houseplants found in homes, offices, and interior landscaping. Because of this versatility together with the attractive forms and variations in foliage of the plants, many figs became popular indoor plants too (2). Rubber Plants. They are elegant and grow dense, glossy dark foliage, although, when stressed, it will shed its leaves easily. You'll need to be prepared to do some pruning and provide a suitable pot or even a moss stick. Ficus likes soil of lesser pH so it is best to use rainwater or boiled water. Ficus is a genus of over 800 plants that belong to the Mulberry or Moraceae family (1). Fiddle Leaf Fig. A bigger plant needs a bigger pot to allow the roots to establish and to provide the necessary nutrients from the soil. © 2013new Date().getFullYear()>2013&&document.write("-"+new Date().getFullYear());, Houseplantsexpert.com. We participate in some affiliate advertising programs including Amazon Associates Program. Indoor Ficus Tree Plant Care. The most commonly encountered bonsai fig is probably Ficus benjamina, the Weeping Fig, but there are many other suitable figs, and some even more suitable to bonsai cultivation. The popular ‘Burgundy’ variety showcases black reddish foliage. This is often grown as a hedge plant but can make a striking potted indoor plant with its leaves speckled and striped with shades of green and white. A few occurrences can be controlled by manually removing them on the plant surfaces as well as the unsightly leaves. Ficus bonsai plant is unique air purifying plant. Spraying the leaves with water from time to time is also beneficial to the plant, just make sure that foliage will remain dry for the most part of the day to avoid water-borne diseases. It is sometimes confused with Ficus microcarpa, which is actually less weepy and more upright. From succulent plants to herbs to living room plants or bathroom plants, indoor plants make every home feel more warm and welcoming. (1) Meislik, J. Root pruning is necessary to avoid the roots from suffocation one another which can lead to the plant’s death. Small leaves and and wiry like stems will creep anywhere you allow them to. Large plants may need an annual top-dressing wherein the top few inches of soil is removed and replaced with fresh nutrient-enhanced soil mixture. One of the easiest plants to propagate, figs can be grown from seed, stem cuttings or marcots. Add to Cart Compare. When grown in fixed planters, the roots can penetrate drainage systems and clog them. Weeping figs, rubber trees, and fiddle leaf figs are especially popular as for indoor growing. The most popular vining fig species, it produces long stems with alternating small and soft green round leaves that grow fast and vigorous. The fiddle leaf ficus is a tree type plant with the largest leaves of all from this genus. In cold conditions, it is important to use water that is at room temperature (2). Several species of ficus trees make excellent container plants both indoors and outdoors. The dwarf umbrella tree, or Schefflera arboricola, is named after the adorable, … This is usually caused by a change in temperature. Advertisement. They are also used in creating bonsai. Roseopicta, C. Zebrina, C. Crocata, C. Makoyana, C Lancifolia and others. Ficus is rarely grown from seed and most indoor plants will never fruit or yield seed. These Rubber Plant care and growing tips will keep yours looking great. Caring for an indoor Bonsai is different from that of normal potted house plants. Most species can get quite tall, but you can manage their size indoors with regular pruning. See house plants that not only spruce up the home but remove harmful toxins. Vriesea Splendens, Tillandsia, Billbergia, Guzmania, Aechmea Fasciata and others. The ornamental rubber tree houseplants can grow as a small desktop plant or a large rubber indoor tree to add visual height. If left untreated, this can lead to leaf fall and decay of branches. Want an easy-care indoor tree with large, glossy leaves? Ficus nitida is one of these. 1. This genus includes many types of ornamental indoor and outdoor plants. $29.95. Ficus microcarpa is a small, easy bonsai often found in DIY or house furniture stores. This can take up to five years and is nowadays performed using a hydroponic system (1). Creeping FigBotanical Name: Ficus pumila. Lulu Press Inc. P. 8. Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals. With an attractive large, oval-shaped, dark-glossy green foliage, this… The plant should also be kept away from people with asthma who can be sensitive to the windborne particles (1). Ficus Plants. By maintaining the proper climate and keeping your soil healthy, you can have an indoor ficus that grows for years to come. Most ficus trees have green leaves but occasionally there are variegated leaves as in the case of Variegated benjamina Ficus tree or the very popular Ficus … For species like F. lyrata and F. elastica, this is a major concern since these plants boast beautiful broad leaves which is a waste when they all end up on the floor leaving one a bare tree. The sweet fruit borne on the edible fig is popularly eaten around the world and gave way to the introduction of other ficus species. Ficus - Lyrata - 6" Pot. Wiping off with a damp cloth or sponge will help remove the dust and at the same time keep the leaves glossy. The buttressed and wide-spreading full form is one of its unique and celebrated features that it is popularly grown as a bonsai. Fertilizers are used to nourish potted plants with nutrients that the soil may lack, if we repot the Ficus every 2 springs the need to fertilize is marginal. Most ficus trees have green leaves but occasionally there are variegated leaves as in the case of Variegated benjamina Ficus tree or the very popular Ficus … Ficus Pumila, F. Lyrata, F. Elastica and F. Benjamina. Add to Cart Compare. The reason why indoor ficus trees are so popular is that they are very versatile and suit a wide range of interior design needs. Once the plant has transitioned to a certain indoor setting, moving it around may affect its health and will prolong its adaptation (4). Sort By: Ficus - Burgundy - 4" Pot. The ficus group is characterized by simple, often glossy ovate to lanceolate evergreen leaves. Cuttings from branches form roots easily because the plant is already capable of producing aerial roots. Some of the larger specimens are shown here and as you can see they vary widely from the tree-like weeping fig (ficus benjamina) to, … This is a small tree with many cultivars including the popular variegated type. Ficus - Lyrata - 4" Pot. The main reason is that Bonsai trees are planted in small pots and therefore have limited storage for nutrients and water. Ficus. This indoor tree type plant grows over 15 metres tall in it's natural habitat and up to 3 metres indoors, although they can be topped to prevent them growing taller. Protective gloves must be worn when removing leaves or cutting stems. Additionally, Houseplantsexpert.com participates in various other affiliate programs, and we sometimes get a commission through purchases made through our links. Name – Ficus microcarpa Family – Moraceae (mulberry family) Type – indoor plant. Ficus Plants. Once the roots have established, they can be repotted and will acclimatize in a span of a month or so. Ficus trees grow in all tropical regions and are ideal for growing indoors. 2000. However, when people refer to the Ficus tree as a houseplant, they usually mean on the weeping fig (Ficus benjamina). The genus also includes plants such as fig fruit trees and rubber trees. From succulent plants to herbs to living room plants or bathroom plants, indoor plants make every home feel more warm and welcoming. What’s more! Because of this, the plant is religiously celebrated around the world. The stem and the leaves that break secrete yellowish or white latex. Calathea. (3) Appell, S. “Landscaping Indoors: Bringing the Garden Inside”. Growing Ficus Indoors. Studies showed that figs remove formaldehyde and other atmospheric toxins (4). The genus includes trailing types, bonsai, and of course the indoor ficus tree. Since figs grow roots fats, they tend to become pot-bound. The fiddle leaf ficus is a tree type plant with the largest leaves of all from this genus. Houseplantsexpert.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Whilst there are hundreds of different species, there are only a few prized for their lush green foliage and successful growth indoors. A monthly spray of foliar fertilizer will not hurt too (3). Growing up to 3 meters in a container, these plants make ideal focal points in your home or garden. Brussel's Bonsai Live Golden Gate Ficus Indoor Bonsai Tree - 7 Years Old 8" to 10" Tall with Plastic Grower Pot, Medium, 4.0 out of 5 stars 644 $49.70 $ 49 . They adapt well to the indoor environment, each species with its own decorative characteristics that it is no wonder they are found in every office building and are always available in indoor plant nurseries. Leaf Drop: This is the most common problem people experience with their ficus tree. The fiddle leaf fig from the ficus genus of trees is an exciting species to grow with larger leaves than the others from the genus. Infected parts should be removed and application of fungicide is important for persistent infection (1). It has one of the top removal rates of toxins like formaldeh… Just like bonsai’s these need pruning regularly to create that full bush like appearance. Air circulation can be improved by placing a fan near the plant after light misting. This premature leaf drop is associated with overwatering. In the wild, this fig can grow as high as 30 meters. Most fig species are sensitive to overwatering. Weeping figs are the most popular plants from the ficus genus and one of the most common from all ornamental house plants grown today. The rubber plant (ficus elastica) is another tree like species with four popular varieties. According to NASA’s study, it is also one of the houseplants that improve indoor air quality. NASA July, 1989.) The most common issue with growing ficus indoors is the dreaded leaf drop. Facts about Ficus microcarpa. Grows well indoors; Fast-growing; Purifies air within your home; Commonly known as the Fiddle-leaf Fig, the Ficus lyrata is a very popular ornamental fig with large, glossy, leathery leaves. Other Names: Climbing Fig, Fig Ivy and Creeping Ficus. This species is sensitive to low light and cold temperatures, so a grower must be cautious when growing the lyrata indoors. Thank you for your support! As they mature, long aerial roots form along the trunk and branches of the plants enabling them to thrive as epiphytes (1). This can be done by gently pulling apart the roots and trimming a few relatively oversized ones. After spending quite a few years in the interiorscaping biz, I found the Rubber Plant to be the easiest of the ficus trifecta (which includes the Fiddleaf Fig and Ficus Benjamina) to maintain and keep alive. Native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia, they are distributed throughout the world’s tropics. “The World of Ficus Bonsai”. Height – 16 to 40 inches (0.4 to 1m) Soil – indoor plant soil mix, well drained Indoor Bonsai tree care. Ficus trees (Ficus benjamina) are one of the most common plants found adorning home interiors around the world, but this finicky species can cause many owners to wring their hands in frustration.While it is an easy to care for, attractive plant, it’s known to drop its leaves for seemingly no reason at all. The latex produced by F. elastic or rubber tree, is collected in large quantities and in Southeast Asia, hectares of land are used as plantations of this tree (1). 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