South Africa Religions. Unfortunately, I have to limit myself to the constitutional position of just two of the many religions in the country, as space and time do not allow for more. [14] Of the total national population of 44.8 million, 35.8 million or 79.8% identified as members of a Christian denomination.[15]. By the 2001 South African Census, its membership had increased to 4.97 million members. The church was begun in Rustenburg after church members refused to sing hymns from a hymn book that they considered blasphemous. Marina Carter and Khal Torabully (2002), Coolitude, Anthem Press, Bhana and Brain (1990), Setting down roots: Indian Migrants in South Africa, 1860-1911, Johannesburg, Witwatersrand University Press. The Muslim population has grown 20-fold, and now nearly three-in-ten (29%) Sub-Saharan Africans are Muslim. During the country’s 2011 population census, the religious demographics of the… It has grown in three phases. According to the 1996 South African Census, the church numbered 3.87 million members. Its constitution guarantees freedom of religion. No single denomination predominates, with mainstream Protestant churches, Pentecostal churches, African initiated churches, and the Catholic Church all having significant numbers of adherents. Importantly, there is significant and sustained syncretism with African Traditional Religionamong most of the self-professed Christians in South Africa. The popularity of the belief system is due to its liberated reforms that entertain ordination of women and surprisingly, homosexuality as compared to most evangelical counterparts. No single denomination predominates, with mainstream Protestant churches, Pentecostal churches, African initiated churches, and the Catholic Church all having significant numbers of adherents. The Zion Faith is the religion of the black people in South Africa. [3], The history of the Jews in South Africa mainly began under the British Empire, following a general pattern of increased European settlement in the 19th century. This article is about the South African Constitution,1 the South African Charter of Religious Rights and Freedoms (South African Charter)2 and religions in South Africa. Religious Demography", "P.W. Since then, Protestantism has been the predominant religion of the European settlers and today, of South Africa as a whole. Christian missionaries in Africa often thought the people served multiple Gods; in reality, all forms of African religion held a belief in one supreme God. This book is concerned with the role of religion and spirituality in individual identity and belief, as well as in the public spheres of governance and policy-making. Hindus comprised about 0.9% of the population of South Africa; however 3.3% of the population of KwaZulu-Natal are Hindus. Approximately 1.22% or 551,669 of the South African population professed to be Hindu, according to the 2001 census. Even though the country prides itself in being a multi-dominion country, 15% of the population do not identify themselves with any religion, the second largest group after the Protestant Christians. The Zion Christian Church (or ZCC) is the largest African initiated church in Southern Africa. The early patterns of Jewish South African history are almost identical to the history of the Jews in the United States but on a much smaller scale, including the period of early discovery and settlement from the late 17th century to the early 19th century. The major faiths practiced in South Africa are Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, traditional African religions and Judaism. According to StatsSA, the provinces of Northern Cape (97.9%) and Free State (95.5%) have the … [2] The Baháʼí community decided to limit membership in its national assembly to black adherents when a mixed-race assembly was prohibited under Apartheid. After the eradication of apartheid system, religion, freedom, and protection in the country facilitated the growth of different religions. With the growing force of colonialism, the religion dominated as more British settled in the Cape Town. Christianity achieved a major thing in Africa: to teach the black Africans to forsake all their traditions … Many others are Portuguese settlers who left Angola and Mozambique after they became independent in the 1970s, or their children. [7] (More recent official statistics are unavailable, since the last South African Census – 2011 – did not ask any questions about religious affiliation.). Among potential Jewish emigrants, many were likelier to select a destination popular among other South Africans, such as Australia. Of the total national population of 44.8 million, 35.8 millio… Sub-Saharan Africa now … READ ALSO: Causes of conflict in Africa This religious centre was built by Turkish businessman and philanthropist, Ali Katircioglu in 2012. While Christ… The Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities (CRL Rights Commission) is a chapter nine institution established in 2004 to support democracy.[30][31]. The system is independent and indigenous taking a 23.7% of the black community and constitutes 11.1% of the whole population of the country. Economic immigrants from India and Pakistan also contributed to the Muslim community before the end of apartheid. Importantly, there is significant and sustained syncretism with African Traditional Religion among most of the self-professed Christians in South Africa. Traditional African religion is very popular and arrived here with our North and West African ancestors. The belief was introduced in the early 1916 under the guidance of Engenas Lekganyane, a once evangelical student of the Anglican system. The most important thing is that in the new South … Kumar (2012), Hinduism in South Africa, in Elias Kifon Bongmba (Editor) - The Wiley Blackwell Companion to African Religions, Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference, Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities, "History of the Baháʼí Faith in South Africa", "QuickLists: Most Baha'i (sic) Nations (2010)", "Table: Census 2001 by province, gender, religion recode (derived) and population group", "Census 2011 Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)", "Believers in Christ from a Muslim Background: A Global Census", http://ir.lib.uwo.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1107&context=totem, "South Africa - Section I. The church's headquarters are at Zion City Moria in Limpopo Province, South Africa (Northern Transvaal). The … The first Hindu temples were in operation in the 1870s. The first phase brought the earliest Muslims as part of the involuntary migration of slaves, political prisoners and political exiles from Africa and Asia (mainly from the Indonesian archipelago) that lasted from about 1652 to the mid-1800s. The members were exiled and together during the Great Trek of Afrikaner-Boer, the church developed. In 1996, there were approximately 3.3 million Catholics in South Africa making up 6% of the total South African population. It is also believed that Sheikh Yusuf of Macassar was the first person to introduce the Quran in South Africa. Christianity spread from Israel, around the Mediterranean Sea, to Egypt, Syria and the rest of the world. The Calvinist Afrikaans is not so into the religion, and their population is almost insignificant. After the British occupations of the Cape in 1795 and 1806, this Christian tradition prevailed. Factbook > Countries > South Africa > Demographics. People saw phenomena such as weather, disease and human fate as subject to the whims of varios gods. This was reinforced by the arrival of the French Huguenots shortly thereafter. Christianity arrived in Africa in the late 1st or early 2nd century AD, making these Christian communities some of the earliest in the world. The charismatic churches have, therefore, become centers of power in their own right. Of the approximately 176,000 Indians of all faiths who were transported to the Natal province, almost 7-10% of the first shipment were Muslims. The largest Protestant denomination in the country is Pentecostalism, followed by Methodism, Dutch Reformed and Anglicanism. The new Constitution did not result in immediate reform of discriminatory legislation infringing on the right to religious freedom. [26], The Baháʼí Faith in South Africa began with the holding of Baháʼí meetings in the country in 1911. Added to this are a considerable number of Muslims from India and Pakistan that have arrived as economic migrants. [8] The 2016 Community Survey, and intercensal survey carried out by Statistics South Africa, reintroduced the religion question, and the results were reported in the pie chart. Christianity is the primary belief system in South Africa, with Protestantism being the largest denomination. Some would argue that both Islam and Christianity are indigenous African religions. The dominant role of Christian religion in the state of relationships among religions in South Africa was definitively influenced by the way in which Christianity was … Religion. [33] In 2007 the South African Law Reform Commission received submissions from the South African Pagan Rights Alliance and the Traditional Healers Organisation requesting the investigation of the constitutionality of the act and on 23 March 2010 the Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development approved a South African Law Reform Commission project to review witchcraft legislation.[34][35]. Some South African local governments banned temple building and property ownership by Hindus in 1910s. Today the church, as opposed to the mainstream European churches, combines the aspects of African traditions with the values of Christianity. Hinduism is found in various provinces of South Africa, but primarily in KwaZulu-Natal. [25] Modern South Africa has many Hindu temples, and its Hindu community observes major festivals of Hinduism such as Deepavali. The San community maintains the African Traditional Religion up to today. It is not reported whether Bartolomeu Dias de Novaes took off his shoes when on 12 March 1488 he raised a padráo, dedicated to St Gregory, at Kwaaihoek on the East Coast and just west of the mouth of the Bushman’s River. Christianity is now one of the most widely practiced religions in Africa along with Islam and is the largest religion in Sub-Saharan Africa. This is a decline of 2 % (Lugo & God, however, created the world and then remained distant. The Zion Faith is the religion of the black people in South Africa. Facts and statistics about the Religions of South Africa. Updated as of 2020. The 2001 census for South Africa found that 79.8% of the population (35,7 million people), were Christian, up from 75.5% in 1996. During the twentieth century the majority of people from European descent were Christian Protestants. However, it is less dominant in the black community who identify themselves with the Zion Christian faith. As many as 6.76 million people, or … The proportion of Catholics among the predominantly Calvinist white Afrikaans speakers, or South African Asians who are mainly Hindus of Indian descent, is extremely small. The Christian holidays of Christmas Day and Good Friday remained in post-apartheid South Africa's calendar of public holidays. The community grew tenfold between 1880 and 1914, from 4,000 to over 40,000. Judaism in South Africa came about some time before the discovery of the Cape of Good Hope, by the participation of Jewish astronomers and cartographers in the Portuguese discovery of the sea-route to India. European and other foreign settlers brought most of these religions. Non-Christian entities in the country include Islam, Hinduism, Judaism, and Buddhism. There were many taboos intended to influence such superstitious beliefs. "Religion and spirituality are closely woven into the fabric of South African public and private life - though not always seamlessly or in matching thread. [21] Many came from Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar, and some from other states of India. Nizamiye is fashioned after the 16th-century Selimiye Mosque in Turkey, a building that showcases spectacular Ottoman design. Other high populations of Buddhist are found in the Indian Ocean and Mauritius. Many religions are represented in the ethnic and regional diversity of the population. Nearly 40% of the black colored South Africans are members of the African Independent Churches, commonly known as the Zionist Christian Churches, which include no less than 4,000 congregations. C. Jeannerat, D. Péclard & E. Morier-Genoud, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 07:51. The Indians who worked as laborers in the settlements introduced Hinduism and now forms 1.2% of the total population in the country. The Buddhists in Africa are 5,000 in number. However, Jewish settlers only began to arrive in numbers from the 1820s. The Census 2001 provided the most recent national statistics for religious denominations. In conclusion, the multi-colored nation of South Africa is said to support Christianity as the primary belief system. In the apartheid regime where traditional beliefs were mocked and rejected, the system faced repulsion from the colonial government and regarded as a sect. A minority of South African population does not belong to any of the major religions, but regard themselves as traditionalists or of no specific religious affiliation. Today, however, Africa is overwhelmingly populated by followers of these two religions. Islam was introduced by the Cape Malay slaves of the Dutch settlers, Hinduism was introduced by the indentured labourers imported from the Indian subcontinent, and Buddhism was introduced by both Indian and Chinese immigrants. I will not argue that the Christian faith has not … By 1300 it had spread to Iceland, China and Russia, and from there to southern Africa, Asia and the Americas through … Below are the most notable Christian belief systems; Protestantism is the primary belief system in South Africa with 36% of the total population. Once it was introduced to Africa, Christianity slowly spread from Alexandria to Ethiopia. In 1956, after members of various tribes in South Africa became Baháʼís, a regional Baháʼí Assembly which included South Africa was elected. [17] Most white Catholics are English speaking. It is often combined with elements of Christianity and Islam. 25 Downloads; Abstract. With the establishment of a trading post at the Cape of Good Hope by the Dutch in 1652, Christianity obtained a permanent foothold and gained converts among the indigenous population. These innocent victims are vulnerable to a double degree: as women and as older persons. Just 13% are followers of traditional African religions. Dutch Reformed Church in South Africa (NGK) – 1.1 million Christian Evangelical Church in Minahasa – 0.7 million [145] United Church in Papua New Guinea and the Solomon Islands – … Botha felt Israel had betrayed him", "World Jewish Population - Latest Statistics", "Chapter 9 – State institutions supporting constitutional democracy", "Investigation and Conflict Resolution (ICR)", "Current Investigations: Progress Report; Project 135: Review of witchcraft legislation", "South African Law Reform Commission Thirty Eighth Annual Report 2010/2011", "crl rights commission continues with the consultative community hearings on the possible review of public holidays", Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Religion_in_South_Africa&oldid=994735139, Articles with dead external links from January 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from June 2014, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. As of 2010, it had the world's ninth largest population of Baháʼís, with nearly 240,000 members. P.P. Almost 80% of South African population adheres to the Christian faith. By Eshlin Vedan and Mark Nancarrow According to the last population census that recorded religious identity, 79.8% of South African citizens identified as Christian. [5][6][7] The Census 2011 form did not include any questions about religion due to low priority. The San community maintains the African Traditional Religion up to today. Although the largest Buddhist population lives in South Africa, it only makes up between 0.2 to 0.3% of the population. The number of Christians has grown 70-fold, and now a majority of Sub-Saharan Africans are Christian (57%). The Roman Catholic Church is the main Catholicism in South Africa and 7.1 of the population in the country are followers of this religion.The belief system is common among the Zulu, Xhosa, and Sotho. Traditional, animist religion saw humans as being subject to the whims of local gods. Non-Christian entities in the country include Islam, Hinduism, Judaism, and Buddhism. It is believed that Mark the Evangelist brought Christianity from Jerusalem to Alexandria in the year 43 before becoming the first bishop to serve the Alexandria Orthodox Church. Three quarters (75.6%) of … Religions: Christian 86%, ancestral, tribal, animist, or other traditional African religions 5.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other 1.5%, nothing in particular 5.2% (2015 est.) According to the Namibia Demographic and Health Surveys (2013), the proportions are: South Africa. Located in Johannesburg, South Africa, Nizamiye is believed to be the biggest mosque complex in the Southern Hemisphere. Recent figures estimate the number as between 75,000 and 100,000. Below are the most notable Christian belief systems; Protestantism is the primary belief system in South Africa with 36% of the total population. Religion in South Africa (2016 Community Survey)[1]. The belief was introduced in the early 1916 under the guidance of Engenas Lekganyane, a once evangelical student of the Anglican system. Coloured and white South Africans each account for roughly 300,000. Mark the Evangelist made history in the year 43 when he became the first bishop to serve in the Orthodox Church of Alexandria. The Chinese immigrants introduced Buddhism in South Africa. A diverse variety of African Traditional Religions of the early Khoisan and later Bantu speakers were practiced in the region prior to contact with European seafarers and settlers. The Dutch and the British introduced Christianity during the apartheid era. South Africa’s religious composition was (and continues to be) deeply shaped by these early interactions. Religion in Namibia is dominated by various branches of Christianity, with more than 90 percent of Namibian citizens identifying themselves as Christian.According to the United States DRL, in 2007 up to 75% were Protestant, including as much as 50% Lutheran.. The third section analyses statistical data on the state of religion in South Africa, while the last section offers some concluding remarks on the relationship between modernisation and secularisation in South Africa thus far. The belief is more common among the whites and colored South Africans, taking a total of 86%. I believe that with the advent of Christianity in parts of Africa, there has been a huge change is the amount of superstition. [28] South Africa's Jewish community differs from its counterparts in other African countries in that the majority have remained on the continent rather than emigrating to Israel (62% of the maximum 120,000 still remain). The system is independent and indigenous taking a 23.7% of the black community and constitutes 11.1% of the whole population of the country. The belief is more common among the whites and colored South Africans, taking a total of 86%. Christianity is the dominant religion in South Africa, with almost 80% of the population in 2001 professing to be Christian. [18] Although, the majority of South African Muslims are Sunni, smaller numbers are Ahmadi, particularly in Cape Town.[19]. The second phase was the arrival of Indians as indentured laborers to work in the sugar-cane fields in Natal between 1860 and 1868, and again from 1874 to 1911. 1 Introduction: Peoples, religions, Constitution and Charter. [20] This is the largest concentration of Hindus in Africa after Mauritius. The Catholic Church in South Africa is part of the universal Catholic Church composed of the Roman Rite and 22 Eastern Rites, of which the South African church is under the spiritual leadership of the Southern African Catholic Bishops Conference and the pope based in Vatican City. Christianity found its way to Sudan in the 1st century as well, and the region's Nubian churches had links to those in Egypt. Most of those practising Buddhism are of Vietnamese, Chinese and Japanese ethnicity, due to the high number of immigrants from those three countries. Other notable Christian belief systems in South Africa include the Methodist Christian with a 6.8% of the population and the Charismatic Christians with a fascinating 8.2%. Even though the country prides itself on being a multi-dominion country, 15% of the population do not identify themselves with any religion, the second largest group after the Protestant Christians. It is unclear when the first Hindus settled in parts of South Africa. By the end of the third century, Christians in the eastern Magrib were in the majority. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, South African Animals — Animals Native to South Africa, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US. The history of Protestantism in South Africa dates back to the initial European settlement on the Cape of Good Hope in 1652. Most white Catholics who are English Speaking are the descendants of the Irish immigrants. In 2005 Baháʼís were estimated at about 240,100 adherents. [22][23] Hindu Indians were among the people who were referred to as coolies,[24] racially segregated, and their discrimination continued through the Apartheid era until 1994. Authors; Authors and affiliations; Gerrie Lubbe; Chapter. Today, the church embraces gay relationships and endorses them as full members of the Christian faith. Origen was from Alexandria in Egypt, while Tertullian and Augustine were from North Africa. However, other religions are protected by the constitution. [10], A 2015 study estimated some 6,500 believers from a Muslim background have converted into Christianity and numbers have increased recently. Islam in South Africa is a minority religion, practiced by less than 1.5% of the total population, according to estimates[by whom?]. They assisted Bartolomeu Dias and Vasco da Gama who first sailed around the Cape of Good Hope in 1488 and 1497 respectively. South Africa is a secular state with a diverse religious population. Judaism came about when the Jewish astronomers and cartographers came to South Africa. • Within the South African population, 89% is being raised in the Christian tradition, but only 87 % indicated in 2010 that they were Christians. [27] A small population of Baháʼís remained until 1950 when large numbers of international Baháʼí pioneers settled in South Africa. The Dutch and the British introduced Christianity during the apartheid era. 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