[188], Public mass transit in Tampa is operated by the Hillsborough Area Regional Transit Authority (HART), and includes public bus as well as a streetcar line. Every year, Florida averages 10 deaths and 30 injuries from lightning strikes, with several of these usually occurring in or around Tampa. [30], Tampa was initially an isolated frontier outpost. Tampa is home to a variety of stage and performing arts venues and theaters, including the David A. Straz Jr. Center for the Performing Arts, Tampa Theatre, Gorilla Theatre, and the MidFlorida Credit Union Amphitheatre next to the Florida State Fairgrounds. [citation needed]. [100], Around the city are a handful of mosques for followers of Islam, as well as a Tibetan-style Buddhist temple, a Thai Buddhist Wat,[101] and local worship centers for the Sikh,[102] Hindu and Baháʼí Faiths. [183] Union Station also serves as the transfer hub for Amtrak Thruway Motorcoach service, offering bus connections to several cities in southwest Florida and to Orlando. As late as 1774, Bernard Romans called Tampa Bay "Bay of Espiritu Santo", with "Tampa Bay" restricted to the Northwest arm (what is now Old Tampa Bay) and the northeast arm named "Hillsborough Bay". Since the year 2000, Tampa has seen a notable upsurge in high-market demand from consumers, signaling more wealth concentrated in the area.[114]. 20.1% of the population and 16.4% of families were below the poverty line. The bay bottom is very sandy, with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers constantly dredging the ship channels to keep them navigable to large cargo ships. The success of the Rowdies prompted Major League Soccer (MLS) to award Tampa a charter member of the new league in 1996. The Law Center houses the Tampa branch of Florida's Second District Court of Appeal. There are solid gauge copper wires leading to every wall outlet, light switch, and electrical appliance in your house that attach to a very tall utility pole or one of those large green boxes somewhere on your street. [186] The port is also home to Foreign Trade Zone #79, which assists companies in Tampa Bay and along the I-4 Corridor in importing, exporting, manufacturing, and distribution activities as part of the United States foreign trade zone program.[187]. Several thousand more Cuban immigrants built West Tampa, another cigar-centric suburb founded a few years later by Hugh MacFarlane. Andreas joins Exasol at an important period in its growth trajectory. This decade is also on track to see the lowest number of lightning deaths we’ve ever recorded in the United States, and that’s quite the accomplishment. "Total Port, Port of Tampa, Florida: FY09 vs FY08", November 16, 2009. [53], Four attempts have been made to consolidate the municipal government of the city of Tampa with the county government of Hillsborough County (1967, 1970, 1971, and 1972), all of which failed at the ballot box; the greatest loss was the most recent attempt in 1972, with the final tally being 33,160 (31%) in favor and 73,568 (69%) against the proposed charter.[54]. [23][24], Expeditions led by Pánfilo de Narváez and Hernando de Soto landed near Tampa, but neither conquistador stayed long. In April 2007, the Tampa Downtown Partnership noted development proceeding on 20 residential, hotel, and mixed-use projects. The Rowdies made the USL Championship Final for the first time in 2020, though it was cancelled due to COVID-19.[159][160]. With the establishment of an independent U.S. Air Force in 1947, MacDill Field became MacDill Air Force Base. SDHC runs 208 schools, 133 being elementary, 42 middle, 27 high schools, two K-8s, and four career centers. Occasional cold fronts push through the area during the season, usually bringing a brief period of rain followed by daytime highs in the 50s °F (10–13 °C) and nighttime lows near 40s (5 C) for a day or two. Prior to the United States' involvement in the conflict, construction began on MacDill Field, which served as a main base for Army Air Corps and later Army Air Forces operations just before and during World War II, with multiple auxiliary airfields around the Tampa Bay area and surrounding counties. The HART bus system's main hub is the Marion Transit Center in Downtown Tampa, serving nearly 30 local and express routes. The Rays avoided the reverse sweep in Game 7 and won their second American League Pennant, then lost the World Series in 6 games to the Los Angeles Dodgers.[158]. Masonite International, Sykes Enterprises, Cott Corporation, Checkers and Rally's and The Mosaic Company, Downtown Tampa is undergoing significant development and redevelopment in line with a general national trend toward urban residential development. Except for two cannons displayed on the University of Tampa campus, all traces of the fort are gone.[40]. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. The American West is enduring a years-long drought with no end in sight. [75], Downtown Tampa as seen from Bayshore Boulevard, Fountains at Curtis Hixon Waterfront Park, The Sulphur Springs Water Tower, a landmark in the Sulphur Springs section of the city, stands 214 feet tall and was built by Grover Poole in the late 1920s. By Blitzortung.org and contributors. The Port of Tampa is the year-round home port for Carnival Cruise Lines' MS Carnival Paradise and seasonally, the MS Carnival Pride. Beyond the initial invasion, numerous Gasparilla festivities take place each year between January and March, including the Gasparilla Children's Parade, the more adult-oriented Sant'Yago Knight Parade, the Gasparilla Distance Classic, Gasparilla Festival of the Arts, and the Gasparilla International Film Festival, among other pirate themed events. The indigenous cultures of the Tampa Bay area had collapsed by around 1600, leaving the west coast of Spanish Florida largely depopulated and ignored for more than 200 years. There are theaters, a map gallery, a research center and a museum store. Tampa is home to a number of attractions and theme parks, including Busch Gardens Tampa, Adventure Island, the Lowry Park Zoo, and the Florida Aquarium. Weekly containerized cargo service is available in the Port of Tampa. Hillsborough Community College is a two-year community college in the Florida College System with campuses in Tampa and Hillsborough County. [25], In the mid-18th century, events in the American colonies and the early United States drove the Seminole people into northern Florida, but they did not move into central Florida until after the United States gained control of Florida in 1821. They struggled at first, losing their first 26 games in a row to set a league record for futility. The Tampa Police Department has over 1000 sworn officers and many civilian service support personnel. Tampa (US: / ˈ t æ m p ə /) is a major city in and the county seat of, Hillsborough County, Florida, United States. the highest and lowest temperature readings during an entire month or year) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. Three[which?] Tampa is rated sixth on Maxim magazine's list of top party cities.[115]. Limited transportation by privately operated "Neighborhood Electric Vehicles" (NEV) is available, primarily in Downtown Tampa and Ybor City. January 18, 2018", "The day it snowed in Tampa Bay, 40 years ago today", "WMO Climate Normals for TAMPA/INT'L ARPT FL 1961–1990", "Average Weather for Tampa, FL - Temperature and Precipitation", "Tampa, Florida - Detailed climate information and monthly weather forecast", "Channelside deal approved; now it's up to Jeff Vinik to make it work", "Your Complete Guide to Water Street Tampa", "CENSUS OF POPULATION AND HOUSING (1790–2000)", "Tampa (city) QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau", "Modern Language Association Data Center Results of Tampa, Florida". Scientists estimate that we see about 16,000,000 thunderstorms around the world every year, and the United States alone averages about 22.5 million flashes of cloud-to-ground lightning in a typical year. Though the NASL ceased operations in 1984, the Rowdies continued to compete in various soccer leagues until finally folding in 1993. It was the first public skatepark to be constructed in Florida and the third on the East Coast. It hosts over 20,000 species of aquatic plants and animals. Interstate 75 runs along the east side of town for much of its route through Hillsborough County until veering to the west to bisect New Tampa. Tampa is bordered by two bodies of water, Old Tampa Bay and Hillsborough Bay, which flow together to form Tampa Bay, which in turn flows into the Gulf of Mexico. The area is served by dozens of FM and AM radio stations including WDAE, which was the first radio station in Florida when it went on the air in 1922. "Downtown Tampa: Its Cultural and Historical Significance". In addition to the 6th Air Mobility Wing, which is "host wing" for the base, MacDill is also home to Headquarters, United States Central Command (USCENTCOM), Headquarters, United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM), the 927th Air Refueling Wing, Headquarters, United States Marine Forces Central Command (USMARCENT), Headquarters, United States Special Operations Command Central (USSOCCENT), and numerous other military activities of the active and reserve components of the armed forces. Average high temperatures range from the high-60s to low-70s °F (21–24 °C) during the day to the low to mid- 50s °F (10–13 °C) at night. WeatherImagery.com states that “the electricity produced by a lightning strike can travel through conductive surfaces such as wires and pipes within your house. Mexico felt the wrath of the strongest hurricane ever recorded in terms of wind speed. [149][150] They played at Tampa Stadium, which hosted the 1984 USFL Championship Game.[151]. 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