22. He ruled Afghanistan, Pakistan, and parts of northern India from 1530 to 1540. Updates? Humâyûn est né le 17 mars 1508 à Kaboul, pendant une période où son père, Bâbur, tentait d'agrandir son royaume. Babur ruled over his territory for a very short period of time. Flowing water was an essential … He reigned over the regions of Afghanistan, Pakistan and some part of India in the north. Humayun ultimately takes the city after several bloody encounters. It weakened the strength of his army. While in Sind in 1542, Humayun's wife gave birth to his son Akbar, the true founder of the Mughal empire. From the beginning of establishing the empire, Sher Shah Suri and Humayun were arch rivals. It was in Sindh that a Humayun time was installed, exiled. After Babur's death, Humayun ascended the throne. Additional information:-Nasir uddin Muhammad Humayun was the second Mughal emperor who ruled from 1530–1540. This monument has special cultural significance as Humayun tomb is the first garden-mausoleum in the Indian subcontinent. Humayun was the son of Babur, the first Mughal king, who succeeded him in 1530. He was inexperienced at the time of ascending to the throne and faced bitter rivalry from his half-brother Kamran Mirza who ruled … He decided to cross the river on horseback. Humayun’s Tomb is one of the very few structures that were commissioned by the queens of the Mughal dynasty. He proved his father in these battles that he had administrative capabilities and bravery of a soldier. It led him to leave battlefield and flee from India and Sher Shah got control over Agra, then the capital of India. Humayun architectures several under his name. Il le suivit dans son errance pendant toute son enfance et, à l'âge de 18 ans, il était à ses côtés lors de la bataille de Pânipat (1526), une bataille fondatrice de l'Empire moghol. He has previously made short films andadvertisement. Log in. Born on March 6, 1508, at Kabul, he learnt Turkish, Arabic and Persian at a very young age. Humayun faced a shameful defeat in this battle. His own brothers were also conspiring against him. The monument is a masterpiece of Mughal architecture. Humayun was an emperor and would have been surrounded by hand-picked bodyguards and men of trust. He was born to Babur and Maham Begum on 17th March 1508 in Kabul. One day while coming down from his library, he slipped and fell down the stairs. Building of the tomb was started in 1565 (nine years after the death of Humayun) and completed in 1572. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Eldest and favourite son of Babar. On account of his careless habits, he did not acquire the exactness of a scholar. He had three younger brothers, Kamran, Askari and Hindal. Aurangzeb was the sixth and last of the great Mughal emperors, a period that marks the peak of this empire that ruled North India from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century. 0 ; Nasir-ud-Din Mu?ammad, better known by his regnal name, Humayun, was the second emperor of the Mughal Empire, who ruled over territory in what is now Afghanistan, Pakistan, Northern India, and Bangladesh from 1530?1540 and again from 1555?1556 . After the death of Babur, he was declared emperor in 1530 at the age of 23. Humayun was the eldest and the most loved son of Babur. The second volume begins with the exile of his father, Humayun, from India, after a revolt. He defeated Humāyūn at Chausa in 1539 and at Kannauj in 1540, expelling him from India. He was only 22 years old then and had a challenging time heading the newly-established Mughal territory. Wearing of the cap signified an acceptance of their customs and importantly their religion of Shia Islam. With the help of Shah Tahmashah, he proceeded to claim Kandhar and Kabul. Mohamad Lodhi, a descendent of the Lodhi dynasty conspired with Sher Shah Suri against Humayun. Born 1508 in Kabul (Afghanistan). Taking advantage of civil wars among the descendants of Shēr Shah, Humāyūn captured Lahore (now in Pakistan) in February 1555, and, after defeating Sikandar Sūr, the rebel Afghan governor of the Punjab, at Sirhind, he recovered Delhi and Agra that July. He was given protection by King Virsala, ruler of Amarkot, and it was here that he was married - to Hamida Banu. Outre la sépulture de Humayun, on trouve dans le bâtiment principal les tombes de ses femmes Biga Begum et Hamida Begum ainsi que de Dara Shikoh, … Le site se trouve près du Purana Qila à Nizamuddin Est et abrite la tombe de l'empereur Humayun ainsi que de 150 membres de la famille royale, d'où son surnom de nécropole de la dynastie moghole1. The Humayun-Nama and the Tazkirat-ul-Waqiat in particular are two genuine accounts that faithfully unveil the life and misfortunes of the … Humayun’s tomb is surrounded by a 27-hectare garden complex. After Babur's death, Humayun ascended the throne. The tomb of Humayun was built by the orders of Akbar (son of Humayun) and Humayun's first wife (Bega Begum). With the aid of the Safavid, the ruling Persian dynasty, he regained his lands in 1556. Emir Hussein Umrani welcomed Humayun and Rana Prasad, the local Hindu ruler of Umerkot region gave refuge to Humayun and his eight months pregnant wife Hamida Banu Begum. 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